Adderall has become a popular (And problematic) substance. Initially used to treat people with severe A.D.H.D. (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder), Adderall has become a subject of misuse. From college campuses to sports performances, Adderall and similar amphetamines run rampant. So, what is Adderall and why is it being used so frequently? 

Purple adderall

What is Adderall?

Adderall is an approved medicine, used in the treatment of patients suffering from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and certain sleeping concerns. The main components present in this medicine are amphetamine and dextro-amphetamine; both of these are stimulating substances; that is they influence and control the nervous system. This is what makes Adderall primarily a medicine which is ill-treated and used as a harmful drug by numerous people!

How it's Taken

Adderall comes in the form of tablets and capsules. Around almost 70% of the patients of ADHD have shown improvements with the use of this medicine. Similar to meth, it works by releasing the stimulating substances in the blood stream and starts effecting the body by tweaking and changing the natural chemical production of the body; assisting in improving the hyperactive behavior and attention span of the patient. It is also used to medically cure people with issues of over drowsiness and sleep.

Adderall and Abuse

The properties of this medicine makes it an ideal substance for abuse, as it makes a person much alert and productive in his work. Illegitimate use of the substance regarded as an abuse can happen if:

  • Adderall is taken more than the prescribed dose
  • It is used to create artificial alertness or to help in driving away sleep
  • The pills, instead of being swallowed through the mouth, is grounded and inhaled through nose, injected directly in the blood streams (or simply taken as a leisure activity).


The signs of addiction and abuse are probably clearer to those surrounding the addict. However, by simply identifying whether or not you are taking your medication as prescribed, you can start to identify with addiction symptoms. 

Effects of Adderall

Adderall is placed in type two category of drugs, due to its nature of being highly addictive. Even if its used for medicinal purposes, and as a substance for abuse, it has negative impacts both physically and psychologically on the human system. 

Short Term Effects

  • Upheaval in the digestive system in the form of constipation, stomach pains, nausea and aversion to food. This results in rapid weight loss.
  • Cardiac issues in the form of fluctuating heartbeat’s and body shudders.
  • Dry mouth and throat
  • Mood fluctuations
  • Constant headaches and disorientated sleep
  • Behavioral issues in the form of irascibility, agitation, apprehension, intimidation and depression
  • Tendency to cause respiratory issues and breathing problems. Without administration it can lead to swelling of different body parts

Long-Term Effects

Adderall tends to create tolerance in the user; that is the amount of dose has to be increased after a short while in order to achieve the results. If the medicine is exploited and used as a drug; this can lead to irreversible detrimental impacts on the consumer. The long term impacts include:

  • The fluctuating heartbeats and changes in chemical production of the brain may also result in an inconsistent blood pressure which along with the former issue increase the chances of cardiac attack in the user.
  • In the long run it can damage the arteries and vessels carrying blood by narrowing them or tightening the flow of blood across it. This disruption in the circulation of blood can lead to numbness of fingers and toes.
  • The food aversions and loss in appetite results in weight loss which on a whole leads to deficiencies of vital nutrients, minerals and vitamins leading to an extreme undernourishment.
  • Long term use can also result in skin issues like itching, rashes and allergies.
  • Speech delays and vocal cord problems
  • As the body becomes used to artificial sources to boost its energy, naturally it becomes weak, and the person feels tiredness and if not under the influence of the drug the consumer is crushed with sleep and exhaustion.
  • Illusions, aberrations and hallucinations regarding things and situations which are non-existing.
  • Rapid hair loss
  • Impairment of organs like kidney, liver heart and brain
  • Negative and depressive thoughts, related to ending one’s own life.


A person who is addicted to Adderall finds it difficult to resume life without it. Even if it is medically prescribed, the doctor recommends a complete weaning off plan, which includes slowly reducing the dosage than completely stopping it, keeping in view the individuals condition and will power.  

In the cases where it is being misused no such plan can be put into action, the properties of the medicine compels the user for frequent use making him incompetent physically, mentally and socially.